The purpose of this guide is to provide examples of reference list and in-text citation entries. These examples are based on the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association (6th ed.).
The APA Blog is a useful resource for finding sample APA entries not included in the APA manual.
A major change in reference list entries for electronic documents concerns the use of a digital object identifier (DOI). Learn more about DOI or search for a resource’s DOI.
When an electronic resource does not have a DOI, you should “…provide the home page URL of the journal or of the book or report publisher” (American Psychological Association [APA], 2010, p. 191).
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American Psychological Association. (2010). Publication manual of the American Psychological Association (6th ed.). Washington, D.C: Author.