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Wellehan Library APA Guide: Home

About This Guide

The purpose of this guide is to provide examples of reference list and in-text citation entries. These examples are based on the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association (6th ed.). 

Your Librarians

Contact Lia Horton or Lynn Bivens with questions regarding library resources.

Lia Horton, Reference and Information Literacy Librarian     207-893-7728

Lynn Bivens, Head of Reference and Information Literacy     207-893-7724


Quick Info

The APA Blog is a useful resource for finding sample APA entries not included in the APA manual.

Remember, reference list entries are double spaced and in hanging indent format. Consult these documents for help with creating a hanging indent using Word for Mac, or Word for Windows.

A major change in reference list entries for electronic documents concerns the use of a digital object identifier (DOI). Learn more about DOI or search for a resource’s DOI.

When an electronic resource does not have a DOI, you should “…provide the home page URL of the journal or of the book or report publisher” (American Psychological Association [APA], 2010, p. 191). It may be necessary to search the web or Ulrichsweb for this URL. Consult this tutorial for help using Ulrichsweb. Notice, in most instances, database retrieval information is no longer used. 

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American Psychological Association. (2010). Publication manual of the American Psychological Association (6th ed.). Washington, D.C: Author.