The purpose of this guide is to provide examples of reference list and in-text citation entries. These examples are based on the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association (7th ed.).
See the two "What's New" pages for selected explanations of differences between editions six and seven of the manual.
If APA is new to you, follow the examples provided in the guide.
Use the APA Blog as a resource for transitioning from the sixth to the seventh edition of the APA manual.
Elements of Reference List Entries
Click here for reference list examples.
Click here for information concerning DOIs and URLs. All DOIs are written as URLs.
Elements of In-Text Citations
Click here for in-text citation examples.
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American Psychological Association. (2020). Publication manual of the American Psychological Association (7th ed.).